This thesis explores the challenges facing Islamic education in Kenya with specific
reference to Islamic Integrated schools that combines the national secular public
school curriculum and Islamic education curriculum as taught in Madrasas and
Qur'anic schools. Throughout history, Islamic education has continued to adapt to
the different environments and Islamic Integrated schools are not an exception. As
indicated by the study, despite the many challenges, the schools have continued to
provide a wholesome education, and in some areas by-passed the secular public
schools in both enrolment attainment. The study has utilized the phenomenological
approach to capture and describe the essence of Islamic Integrated Schools as a
social phenomenon and the challenges they face in providing two different types of
knowledge with different values.
Finally, the study has identified the urban and ethnic bias of the Islamic Integrated
schools phenomenon. The founders and more than 80 percent of the learners were
This study on the challenges facing Islamic Education in Kenya had four objectives: a)
to identify the rationale for the establishment of Islamic integrated schools in Kenya b)
to examine the curriculum of Islamic Integrated schools in terms of the number of
subjects taught and the amount of content to determine curriculum overload c) to
investigate the role of Islamic Integrated Schools in the education of Muslim children
d) to explore the challenges facing Islamic Integrated schools.
Field data from Garissa. County was used to confirm the findings of the study.
While the traditional Madrasa 's are still growing, there are more students attending
secular education with Madrasa's and Qur'anic schools, attended in the afternoons,
evenings and during weekends. The Madrasa 's are autonomous institutions outside the
control of the education authorities and were not therefore supervised as to the quality
of education provided. Concerns have been raised about the amount of time children
spend in the Islamic Integrated schools but the schools were found to cover two broad
curricula which obviously calls for more time.
found to be of the Somali ethnic group. This is an area that requires further study as
it would be of interest to Sociologists and Anthropologists. There will also be need
to study the implication of teaching two foreign languages and a national language
to pre-school and lower primary school children. The study also has implications
for further research for planning and policy making in the field of education.
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