MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN KENYA: A CASE STUDY OF KAJIADO COUNTY

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ABSTRACT

 

 

Human-wildlife   conflict  which  is a global  challenge  has  been  an  issue  of  great  concern  to  the Government  due to the frequent  incidences  of the conflict  Kajiado  County.   This  study set out to establish   the  magnitude   of  the  conflict   in  the  County   and  also  find  out  whether   the  local community  is involved  by government   and  its agencies  in decision-making   and  management   of this natural  resource.   The study was based on two hypotheses  that is, the assumption  that there  is a  positive   association   between   involvement   of  local  communities   in wildlife   management   and reduction   of  human-wildlife    conflicts   and  that  enhanced   financial   compensation    for  wildlife- related  attacks  on people  will have  a positive  impact  on resolving  human-wildlife   conflicts.   The study   was   done   using   questionnaires    which   were   administered    on   members    of  the   local community  and on government  officials  including  elected  representatives.    Most of the questions were structured  but a few of them were  open-ended  in a bid to elicit views  and opinions  from the respondents.    The  study  established  that human-wildlife   conflicts  are a major  issue in the County in  form  of  deaths,   injuries   and  destruction   of  people's   property   notably;   livestock,   crops  and infrastructures.      The   study   concluded   that   there   is  need   for  government    agencies   and  the conservationists   to work  closely  with  local  communities   and other  stakeholders   in the search  for appropriate  and  sustainable   strategies  for resolving  human-wildlife   conflicts  not  only  in Kajiado County  but  in the  whole  country.    The  study  recommends   that  concerted  efforts  be made  by the government    and   the   conservationists     to   involve   all   stakeholders    in   decision   making    and management    of  wildlife.      The  study   further   recommends    that   local  communities    and  other stakeholders  in Kajiado  County  be sensitized  in a structured  manner  on the critical  importance  of wildlife  in our country's   socio-economic   development.

Author: 
Kibuna Onesmus Francis
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